Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (2024)

Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (1)

An auditor provides an internal or, if required from outside, an external auditorService to the company organization. An audit has a lot to do with communication, a structured approach, but also common sense. Thusthe auditor faces many challengeswhen he audits the company organization – as a treasure hunter.

For the company there ismany good reasons to invest in audits and auditors. However, there are only a few companies that specifically use this role for employee and management development.

Benefits of audits for companies and employees:

  • Employees audit across departments or in other departments. Particularly in combination with the role of a management system representative or a comparable staff position, the auditor gets to know the company from a frog's and bird's eye view as well as in depth and breadth. Auditing therefore represents oneKey qualificationwith clear strengths in analysis, business know-how and communication.
  • New employees can register as auditorsOpen up the formal and informal business network more quicklyand get to know the structure and process organization.
  • Even experienced colleagues appreciate itAudits for personal development and as an activity with a high learning effect. They can bring their knowledge and experience into corporate collaboration in a charming way. Not through advice or coaching, but through clever, neutral questions.
  • Auditors are guided by one thingCode of Conduct, which demands reliability, integrity and open-mindedness. Such characteristics also have a positive effect on your own work area.
  • Auditors know interfaces, best practices and the background of operational developments. They areMultipliers for business knowledgeand contribute to greater understanding of the work of colleagues in a positive corporate spirit.

Grow into the role of auditor

The company's staff departments often keep their eyes open for suitable candidates when internal auditors are being sought. The first points of contact arise when the potential employees already know audits from the perspective of the person being audited or are there as observers or co-auditors.

Working as an audit manager - alone or with a team of co-auditors, technical experts or observers - meansto master the entire audit process independentlyand organize in order to achieve audit objectives. For external auditors, learning by doing is similar.

A “take a look” is helpful for the employee in deciding whether he would like to work as an internal auditor. No one should be called to this involuntarily. Because oneAuditor has a lot of responsibilityfor the good conduct of discussions during an audit; He will only do justice to this if he carries out his task voluntarily. In any case, it is advisable to take advantage of all opportunities to find out about the internal audit process, get trained as an auditor and take part in as many audit situations as possible.

E-training: Internal and supplier auditor – 1st and 2nd party auditor according to ISO 19011

Based on DIN EN ISO 19011, you will learn online the principles and procedures of audits that you need as an auditor for internal (1st party) and supplier audits (2nd party). You will acquire procedures and techniques that will support you in professionally carrying out and following up on audits according to your own chosen standards.Click here for e-training.

Formal requirements for auditor work in practice

Requirements for internal auditors

For internal auditors there is first of allno formal requirements. Of course, internal auditors should be familiar with the audited processes and the corresponding audit criteria and have additional skills for their work. As soon as you audit a specific set of rules, you should check whether certain competencies are required of the auditors.

Internal audits according to ISO 9001

If the audit mandate is to determine compliance with ISO 9001, the auditor must of course do thisKnow the standard well and apply it to company practicecan. Companies certified according to ISO 9001 often have a quality management representative - as a standards translator - to ensure that the requirements of the standard are covered by the structural and process organization. It shouldat least one employee must be able toto carry out management system audits according to ISO 9001. An internal auditor is required at leastExpertise in the organization’s processesas well as about the internal specifications, which it reflects in the practical processes.

It still happens that certification auditorsProof of training from internal auditorsdemand. But it is not mandatory. According to DIN EN ISO 9001:2015, Chapter 7.2 “Competence”, the following applies to auditors and all other employees instead:

  • Determine required competency.
  • Ensure and appropriately document that employees are competent based on appropriate education, training or experience.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of skills building measures.

Nevertheless, professional training that imparts the necessary skills is definitely recommended in order to establish good audit practice.

Some specific customer requirements or standards may make it mandatoryinternal or supplier auditorsmust demonstrate further competencies. For example, IATF 16949:2016 requires an understanding of the automotive industry's process-oriented approach, customer-specific and normative requirements, relevant quality methods, the audit process, the product and, if applicable, the technical production process.

Requirements for certification auditors

Apply to certification auditorsRegulations of the German Accreditation Body (DAkkS), which in turn is based on international regulations from the International Accreditation Forum (IAF). ISO 9001 auditors must therefore have oneTraining participationwith at least 24 teaching units (UE) on the regulations and 16 UE on the audit method according to ISO 19011.

DieApproval for regulationssuch as ISO 9001 or IATF 16949 and for industry approvals, the commissioning certification company to which auditors can apply is issued in accordance with DAkkS specifications. Additional admission conditions – some of which are specified by the DAkkS – and the existing needs decide on the individual application options and the period from which a person can work independently as an audit manager. TheAppointment as a certification auditor is limited to three yearsand then has to be extended.

For someone who is pursuing freelance consulting work, certification audits may be an important economic pillar.

Further specialist articles on the subject of audit

Why do you need audits?
How do audits work?
Expectations of an auditor
Internal Audit Principles

Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (2)

Internal audits according to ISO 13485

In the seminar you will learn the specifics of how to plan, prepare, carry out and evaluate internal audits in the medical device industry.

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Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (3)

IATF 16949 – 1st/2nd party auditor – qualification (VDA QMC)

Learn how to independently carry out 1st/2nd party audits in accordance with the requirements of IATF 16949 in a technically correct manner.

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Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (4)

Internal and supplier auditor – 1st and 2nd party auditor according to ISO 19011

Based on DIN EN ISO 19011, you will learn online the principles and procedures of audits that you need as an auditor for internal (1st party) and supplier audits (2nd party).

More details

Als Experte auf dem Gebiet der Betriebsorganisation und Audits kann ich Ihnen ausführliche Informationen zu den in dem Artikel erwähnten Konzepten geben.

Audits und ihre Bedeutung für Unternehmen und Mitarbeiter

Ein Audit ist ein interner oder externer Dienst, der von einem Auditor an der Betriebsorganisation durchgeführt wird. Es beinhaltet Kommunikation, strukturiertes Vorgehen und gesunden Menschenverstand. Audits bieten Unternehmen und Mitarbeitern viele Vorteile. Mitarbeiter, die als Auditoren tätig sind, können abteilungsübergreifend oder in fremden Abteilungen auditieren. Dies ermöglicht es ihnen, das Unternehmen aus verschiedenen Perspektiven kennenzulernen und sich in Analyse, Unternehmens-Know-how und Kommunikation weiterzuentwickeln. Neue Mitarbeiter können sich durch ihre Rolle als Auditoren schneller in das formelle und informelle Unternehmensnetzwerk integrieren und die Organisationsstruktur kennenlernen. Erfahrene Kollegen schätzen Audits als Möglichkeit zur persönlichen Weiterentwicklung und als Tätigkeit mit hohem Lerneffekt. Sie können ihr Wissen und ihre Erfahrungen durch geschickte, neutrale Fragestellungen in die betriebliche Zusammenarbeit einbringen. Auditoren tragen zur Verbreitung von Betriebswissen bei und fördern das Verständnis für die Arbeit der Kollegen [[SOURCE 1]].

Voraussetzungen für interne und externe Auditoren

Für interne Auditoren gibt es keine formalen Vorgaben. Es wird jedoch erwartet, dass sie mit den auditierten Prozessen und den entsprechenden Auditkriterien vertraut sind und über die erforderlichen Kompetenzen für ihre Tätigkeit verfügen. Wenn ein bestimmtes Regelwerk auditiert wird, sollten interne Auditoren prüfen, ob dort spezifische Kompetenzen gefordert werden. Für Zertifizierungsauditoren gelten Regularien der Deutschen Akkreditierungsstelle (DAkkS) und des International Accreditation Forum (IAF). ISO 9001-Auditoren müssen beispielsweise eine Schulungsteilnahme mit mindestens 24 Unterrichtseinheiten zum Regelwerk und 16 Unterrichtseinheiten zur Auditmethode nach ISO 19011 nachweisen. Die Zulassung als Zertifizierungsauditor erfolgt durch das beauftragende Zertifizierungsunternehmen, das zusätzliche Zulassungsbedingungen festlegen kann. Die Berufung als Zertifizierungsauditor ist auf drei Jahre befristet und muss dann verlängert werden [[SOURCE 2]].

Schulungen und Weiterbildung für Auditoren

Obwohl für interne Auditoren keine formalen Vorgaben bestehen, sind professionelle Schulungen empfehlenswert, um eine gute Auditpraxis zu etablieren. Diese Schulungen vermitteln die erforderlichen Kompetenzen und tragen zur persönlichen Weiterentwicklung bei. Für Zertifizierungsauditoren sind Schulungen gemäß den Regularien der DAkkS und des IAF obligatorisch. Diese Schulungen umfassen das Regelwerk und die Auditmethode nach ISO 19011. Durch Schulungen können Auditoren ihre Fähigkeiten verbessern und eine fundierte Auditpraxis entwickeln [[SOURCE 3]].

Fazit

Audits spielen eine wichtige Rolle in der Betriebsorganisation und bieten Unternehmen und Mitarbeitern viele Vorteile. Auditoren sollten über die erforderlichen Kompetenzen verfügen und sich kontinuierlich weiterbilden, um eine effektive Auditpraxis zu gewährleisten. Die Rolle des Auditors erfordert Zuverlässigkeit, Integrität, Aufgeschlossenheit und gute Kommunikationsfähigkeiten. Durch Audits können Mitarbeiter ihr Wissen und ihre Erfahrungen einbringen, das Unternehmen besser verstehen und zur Weiterentwicklung des Unternehmens beitragen [[SOURCE 4]].

Hinweis: Die Informationen in diesem Text basieren auf den Suchergebnissen von You.com und stellen keine persönliche Meinung dar.

Becoming an auditor: requirements and options (2024)

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